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QUESTION 1

  1. What is the difference in saying that something is pious because the gods love it and saying that the gods love something because it is pious?

A.

THERE IS ULTIMATELY NO DIFFERENCE

B.

THE DIFFERENCE IN SAYING THAT SOMETHING IS PIOUS BECAUSE THE GODS LOVE IT AND SAYING THAT THE GODS LOVE SOMETHING BECAUSE IT IS PIOUS IS THAT THE FIRST ASSERTS THAT THERE IS SUCH A QUALITY AS THE PIOUS AND IT IS BECAUSE OF THIS QUALITY THAT THE PIOUS IS LOVED. THE SECOND ASSERTS THAT WHATEVER THE GODS LOVE IS PIOUS (I.E., THAT PIETY HAS NO INSTRINSIC QUALITY). UNDER THIS DEFINITION, IF THE GODS LOVE SUICIDE BOMBERS, THIS WOULD BE PIOUS.

C.

THE DIFFERENCE IN SAYING THAT SOMETHING IS PIOUS BECAUSE THE GODS LOVE IT AND SAYING THAT THE GODS LOVE SOMETHING BECAUSE IT IS PIOUS IS THAT THE FIRST ASSERTS THAT WHATEVER THE GODS LOVE IS PIOUS (I.E., THAT PIETY HAS NO INTRINSIC QUALITY). UNDER THIS DEFINITION, IF THE GODS LOVE SUICIDE BOMBERS, THIS WOULD BE PIOUS. THE SECOND ASSERTS THAT THERE IS SUCH A QUALITY AS THE PIOUS AND IT IS BECAUSE OF THIS QUALITY THAT THE PIOUS IS LOVED.

D.

NONE OF THE ABOVE

6 points

QUESTION 2

  1. Socrates’ trial, conviction, and execution by the city of Athens for allegedly “corrupting the youth” suggests that

A.

PLATO’S CAVE ALLEGORY REFLECTS THE TRUTH ABOUT MANKIND’S GENERAL ANTIPATHY TO PHILOSOPHY

B.

MOST PEOPLE ARE NOT OPEN-MINDED TOWARD THOSE WHO CRITICIZE THEIR BELIEFS

C.

THE “EXAMINED LIFE” SHALL ALWAYS REMAIN THE EXCLUSIVE PRESERVE OF A SMALL MINORITY OF INDIVIDUALS EQUIPPED WITH THE MIND, THE COURAGE, AND THE RESOLVE TO SEARCH FOR THE TRUTH

D.

MOST PEOPLE CANNOT OR WILL NOT SHAKE THEIR DEPENDENCE ON AUTHORITATIVE OPINION

E.

ALL OF THE ABOVE

6 points

QUESTION 3

  1. For Plato, the process whereby an individual leaves his or her state of ignorance will occur by

A.

BEING DRAGGED OUT RELUCTANTLY AND FORCED INTO THE LIGHT OF TRUTH

B.

INDIVIDUALLY BREAKING LOOSE OF THE CHAINS OF IGNORANCE AND BRAVELY PURSUING THE TRUTH ON ONE’S OWN

C.

CONFORMING CLOSELY TO WHAT ONE HAS BEEN RAISED TO BELIEVE

D.

TAKING A LEAP OF FAITH AND EMBRACING RELIGION

6 points

QUESTION 4

  1. In Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, the Sun is to the shadows of the cave

A.

as opinion is to knowledge

B.

as emotion is to opinion

C.

as fantasy is to reality

D.

as reality is to illusion

6 points

QUESTION 5

  1. What is wrong with Euthyphro’s second definition of the pious?

A.

IT LEADS TO A CONTRADITION

B.

IT IGNORES THAT ZEUS IS THE MOST JUST OF THE GODS

C.

THERE IS NOTHING WRONG WITH EUTHYPHRO’S SECOND DEFINITION OF THE PIOUS

D.

NONE OF THE ABOVE

6 points

QUESTION 6

  1. According to Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, the puppeteers holding up objects whose shadows are cast onto the cave wall may represent each of the following EXCEPT:

A.

those who influence the way people understand the world around them

B.

law givers and founders of nations

C.

The philosophers who question, evaluate, and critically examine the authoritative opinions of their communities.

D.

None of the above

6 points

QUESTION 7

  1. Which of the following views does Euthyphro adhere to?

A.

THE GODS LOVE A PIOUS ACT BECAUSE IT IS PIOUS

B.

PIETY IS IN THE EYE OF THE BEHOLDER

C.

A PIOUS ACT IS PIOUS BECAUSE THE GODS LOVE IT

D.

The gods love a pious act because it is rational

6 points

QUESTION 8

  1. If the betterment of the youth (i.e., education in the classical sense) requires a certain expertise, then

A.

IT MAKES SENSE TO ARGUE THAT MOST EVERYONE MAKES THE YOUTH WORSE

B.

IT MAKES SENSE TO ARGUE THAT MOST EVERYONE MAKES THE YOUTH BETTER

C.

PEOPLE WHO COMMIT INVOLUNTARY HARM OUGHT TO BE PUNISHED

D.

HORSE TRAINERS CAN USE THEIR EXPERT KNOWLEDGE TO TEACH HUMAN BEINGS

E.

KNOWLEDGE OF HUMAN NATURE IS IRRELEVANT

6 points

QUESTION 9

  1. According to Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, philosophy

A.

is hard work

B.

examines our most basic assumptions

C.

seeks to liberate us from “groupthink”

D.

allows us to distinguish reality from mere appearances

E.

All of the above

6 points

QUESTION 10

  1. One thing Socrates does NOT say during his defense speech at his trial is that

A.

The wise man will not make judgments about other people, but respect all lifestyles equally, regardless of whether one lives an examined life or not.

B.

Ever since childhood a little voice has warned me whenever I was about to be in danger.

C.

I will never stop philosophyzing

D.

Nobody knows whether death may not be the greatest good for a human being.

E.

The unexamined life is not worth living.

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